The Board is accountable to the Company's shareholders for good governance and is committed to high standards of corporate governance throughout the Group. Directors
The Board consists of three executive directors and two non-executive directors. The non-executive directors are considered by the Board to be independent under the provisions of the Code on the basis that they are not members of management and they are free of any business or other relationships that could materially interfere with, or reasonably be perceived to materially interfere with, the independent exercise of their judgement. Peter Parkin is the Senior Independent Director. The Chairman is an executive director.
Appropriate training for new and existing Directors is kept under review and provided where necessary.The Board
The role of the Board is to maximise the long-term performance of the Group through the implementation of strategies designed to enhance shareholder value. The Board reviews strategy on a regular basis and exercises control over the performance of each operating company within the Group by agreeing budgetary targets and monitoring performance against those targets.
The roles of the Chairman and Group Managing Director are separate and clearly defined. The Chairman runs the Board and sets the strategic agenda for the Group. The Group Managing Director is responsible for the operational management of the Group's business.
The Board has five scheduled meetings each year and additional meetings are held as required. The Board has a schedule of matters reserved for its approval, including major capital expenditure, significant investments or disposals and treasury policy. In certain areas, specific responsibility is delegated to committees of the Board within defined terms of reference.
The Audit Committee has two scheduled meetings each year and the Remuneration and Nomination Committees each have one, with additional meetings held as required.
The primary role of the Nomination Committee is to ensure that appointments to the key leadership roles within the Group, particularly Board appointments, are made after due consideration of the relevant and necessary skills, knowledge and experience of the potential candidates. In addition it considers succession planning in order to ensure the continued ability of the Group to compete effectively in the market place.
There is an agreed procedure for directors to take independent professional advice at the Company's expense if deemed necessary for the correct performance of their duties. The Company Secretary is charged by the Board with ensuring that Board procedures are followed.
The Board, having implemented improvements following the last formal evaluation of its performance, its committees and that of the Chairman, feels that there are no major issues requiring change, but will continue to evaluate performance on a regular basis and implement changes as necessary. The last evaluation was undertaken using a questionnaire prepared for the Board by Equity Culture, an independent consultant, which drew on its experience of good practice across a range of listed companies.
To enable the Board to function effectively and assist directors to discharge their responsibilities, full and timely access is given to all relevant information. In the case of Board meetings, this consists of a comprehensive set of papers, including latest available management accounts, regular business progress reports and discussion documents regarding specific matters. In addition, senior managers are regularly invited to Board meetings and make business presentations to the Board. The evaluation of Board performance concluded that the level of information made available to the Board was of appropriate quality and provided on a timely basis.
Any director appointed during the year is required, under the provisions of the Company's Articles of Association, to retire and seek election by shareholders at the next Annual General Meeting. The articles also require that at least a third of directors should retire and seek re-election each year. Communication with Stakeholders
The Board actively seeks and encourages engagement with major institutional shareholders and other stakeholders. The Executive Directors present the Company's interim and full year results to brokers and analysts and also meet fund managers, brokers, analysts and the media on a regular basis to discuss business strategy, results and other issues. Presentation material can be found in the Investor Section of this website.
While the non-executive directors do not ordinarily attend these meetings, they are available if required by stakeholders. Feedback from these meetings, collated by the company's brokers and financial PR consultants, is reviewed by the Board as a whole.
The Board encourages all shareholders to attend and ask questions at the Annual General Meeting which is attended by all the directors. The Board also actively encourages communication with employees and details of this are noted in the Directors' Report.Audit
The primary role of the Audit Committee is to keep under review the Group's financial and other systems and controls and its financial reporting procedures. In fulfilling this role, the Committee receives and reviews work carried out by the internal and external auditors. The Company's internal audit function works to an annual programme developed in consultation with the Committee, as well as covering specific matters arising during the year.
The Committee keeps the scope and cost effectiveness of both the internal and external audit functions under review. This includes a regular review of the effectiveness of the external auditor.
The independence and objectivity of the external auditor is also considered on a regular basis, with particular regard to the level of non-audit work and fees. The external auditor's appointment is subject to regular review by the Committee and the lead audit partner is rotated at least every five years. The Committee also maintains a formal policy on the provision of non-audit services by the auditor, which is reviewed each year. This policy prohibits the provision of certain services and requires that others are subject to prior approval by the Committee or its Chairman. All other permitted non-audit services are considered on a case by case basis.
The Committee also receives an annual confirmation of independence from the auditor.Internal Control
The Board has overall responsibility for the Group's system of internal controls and risk management. The Audit Committee reviews and monitors the system's effectiveness on behalf of the Board every six months and ensures that a thorough review in accordance with Turnbull guidance is undertaken annually. The responsibility for the system rests with the executive directors. The system of internal control is designed to manage, rather than eliminate, the risk of failure to achieve business objectives and to provide reasonable, but not absolute, assurance against material misstatement or loss.